GIEHSE, THERESE

GIEHSE, THERESE
GIEHSE, THERESE (1898–1975), German actress. Giehse was born as Therese Gift to the textile merchant Salomon Gift and his wife, Gertrude, in Munich. Between 1918 and 1920 she took acting lessons and made her debut at the Buehnenverein in Munich (1920). She adopted the name Giehse, and after engagements at various provincial theaters worked under Paul Barnay (1884–1960) in Breslau (now Wroclaw, Poland). Otto Falckenberg (1873–1947), then director of the Muenchner Kammerspiele, invited her to join his ensemble in 1925 where she stayed until 1933 and also got to know the mann family. Giehse, Erika Mann, and Klaus Mann founded the Literarische Cabaret – "Die Pfeffermuehle" in 1933 in response to the Nazi rise to power. She immigrated via Austria to Switzerland in March 1933 because of the increasing political pressure and refounded Die Pfeffermuehle. During her exile in Zurich (1933–37) she also toured in various European and American cities and through her marriage to British actor John Hampson-Simpson became a British citizen (1936). From 1937 on she worked at the Zuericher Schauspielhaus and starred in the world premieres of Bertold Brecht's plays Mutter Courage und ihre Kinder (1941), Der gute Mann von Sezuan (1943), and Herr Puntila und sein Knecht Matti (1948). She performed at various theaters in Munich, Berlin, and Zurich from 1949 to 1952 and had successes with major roles in plays by Friedrich Duerrenmatt like Der Besuch der alten Dame (1956) and Die Physiker (1962). In 1954 she returned to Munich and had various roles in film, radio, and theater productions. She was awarded the Bundesfilmpreis/Filmband in Silber (1955). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: W. Drews, Die Schauspielerin Therese Giehse (1965); M. Sperr, Therese Giehse– "Ich hab nichts zum Sagen" (1973); M. Piekenbrock, Therese Giehse 1898–1998 (Deutsches Theatermuseum Muenchen, 2000); I. Hildebrandt, "Pfeffer ueber Zuerich – Therese Giehse, Erika Mann und die Pfeffermuehle," in: I. Hildebrandt (ed.), Frauen die Geschichte schreiben (2002), 235–62; M. Karl, "Therese Giehse – Die Mutter Courage," in: M. Karl (ed.), Bayerische Amazonen (2004), 151–67. (Bjoern Siegel (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Giehse, Therese — (Therese Gift, 1898 1975)    Actress. Giehse rose to the top ranks of German actresses without career triumphs in Berlin; she indeed came fully into prominence while in exile. Giehse began her career with a fruitless search for work in Berlin and …   Historical dictionary of German Theatre

  • Giehse — Therese Giehse in der Rolle der Mutter Courage, Portrait von Günter Rittner 1966 Therese Giehse (* 6. März 1898 in München; † 3. März 1975 ebenda) war eine deutsche Schauspielerin …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Therese Gift — Therese Giehse in der Rolle der Mutter Courage, Portrait von Günter Rittner 1966 Therese Giehse (* 6. März 1898 in München; † 3. März 1975 ebenda) war eine deutsche Schauspielerin …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Therese Giehse — (Therese Gift)(6 de marzo de 1898 – 3 de marzo de 1975) fue una actriz alemana nacida en Múnich. Madre coraje en 1960. De padres judíos fue la directora del famoso conjunto Munich Kammerspiele y quien estrenó en 1941 en Zúrich, la obra Madre… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Giehse — Giehse,   Therese, eigentlich T. Gịft, Schauspielerin, * München 6. 3. 1898, ✝ ebenda 3. 3. 1975; gehörte 1925 33 (unter O. Falckenberg) und wieder seit 1953 dem Ensemble der Münchner Kammerspiele an. 1933 gründete sie in München mit Erika und… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Therese Giehse — in der Rolle der Mutter Courage, Porträt von Günter Rittner, 1966 Therese Giehse (geborene Therese Gift; * 6. März 1898 in München; † 3. März 1975 ebenda) war eine deutsche Schauspielerin …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Therese-Giehse-Allee (Munich U-Bahn) — Therese Giehse Allee is an U Bahn station in Munich on the U5, named after the German actress Therese Giehse.References …   Wikipedia

  • Therese (Vorname) — Therese ist ein weiblicher Vorname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung des Namens 2 Verbreitung 3 Varianten 4 Namenstag …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Therese Giehse — NOTOC Therese Giehse (born Therese Gift; 6 March, 1898 – 3 March, 1975) was a German actress. Born in Munich to German Jewish parents, she first appeared on the stage in 1920. She became a major star on stage, in films, and in political cabaret.… …   Wikipedia

  • Therese Giehse — Timbre à l effigie de Therese Giehse (1988) Therese Giehse, de son vrai nom Therese Gift, née le 6 mars 1898 à Munich, morte le 3 mars 1975, est une comédienne allemande …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”